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  • Writer's pictureMaria Shalack

Cast Iron Pipes Claims: Why Homeowners Should Be Concerned


Cast Iron Pipes Claims
Cast Iron Pipes Claims

For homes in Florida constructed before 1975, cast iron pipes were often the plumbing materials of choice. A relic from the past might lend a historic charm to your dwelling but can also become a potential hazard. If your home has these antique pipe fittings still in use, you could face some serious issues.


So, why are cast iron pipes problematic for homeowners?


Cast iron pipes are notorious for causing a variety of problems, including:


  • Water Damage: From stained ceilings and walls to warped wooden floors and water-damaged tiles or carpets, leaking cast iron pipes can wreak havoc in your home, leading to significant repair costs.


  • Unpleasant Odors: Cast iron pipes may corrode over time, leading to leaks. These leaks often result in foul smells, making your home environment unpleasant.


  • Sewage Line Backup: A common yet severe issue, a backup in your sewage line requires immediate attention. It can lead to unsanitary conditions, posing a risk to your health and safety.


  • Pest Infestation: Slow drainage due to pipe issues can create an inviting environment for pests like cockroaches and other insects, resulting in infestations that require professional extermination. Also, if the pipe has leaks, the insects can come into the pipes and, therefore, into the home.

However, managing cast iron pipe claims with your insurance company can be a complex task, often requiring the expertise of a Licensed Public Adjuster. These specialists are crucial in handling your claim from start to finish. They conduct a detailed inspection of your property, determine the root cause of the damage, and, most importantly, act as your advocate with the insurance company.


By ensuring that all aspects of your claim are accurately represented and handled in a timely manner, a public adjuster in Florida can make the process far more manageable and increase the chances of a successful resolution to your claim.


Why do Insurance Companies Deny Cast Iron Pipe Claims?


  • Filing the claim Incorrectly: many claims are filed incorrectly, thinking the claim is for the replacement of the cast iron pipes. Insurance Companies do not cover the pipes; they cover the water damage resulting from the broken cast iron. Therefore, if the claim is filed for the pipes without any evidence of water damage, it gets denied based on no physical damage to the property.

  • Exaggeration of Damage or Need for Replacement: Some parties may assert that the entire cast iron pipes need replacing when they do not. Simple fixes, such as clearing clogs or lining the pipes with polymer sleeves, may be sufficient in many cases. Hence, insurers may deny claims if they find evidence of overstatement of damage or proposed fixes that are more drastic than necessary.

  • Gradual Damage or Wear and Tear: Many insurance policies exclude damage due to gradual leaks or general wear and tear. Since cast iron pipes can rust and degrade over time, the issues that arise might be considered a result of gradual deterioration, leading insurers to deny such claims.

  • Incorrect Identification of the Problem: Some claimants may attribute issues like mold and mildew to issues with cast iron pipes when they're actually the result of other problems, like leaks in plastic sink drains, supply lines, or seepage around the basin. If insurers find that the alleged problems aren't directly caused by the cast iron pipes, they may deny the claim.


  • False Positives from Test Methods: Using methods like the "hydrostatic test" may give false positives for leaks, as these tests introduce conditions not normally present in everyday use. If the insurer identifies that a test providing evidence of damage is unreliable, they may deny the claim.


  • Conflict of Interest: If claimants' expert plumbers who propose full pipe replacement also stand to benefit from doing the replacement work, insurers may view this as a conflict of interest and grounds to deny the claim.

Insurers rely heavily on the precise language of the policy and the details of each claim. Therefore, an insurance adjuster would need to closely examine all aspects of the claim and the homeowner's policy to make a fair determination.


How Can a Public Adjuster Avoid Cast Iron Pipe Claims Being Denied?


A public adjuster plays a crucial role in preventing the denial of cast iron pipe claims by helping the homeowner navigate the complex insurance claim process. Here are some strategies they can employ:


  • Thorough Documentation: Public adjusters should ensure that all damages are meticulously documented. This includes taking photographs and videos of visible damages, maintaining a log of events, and conducting professional evaluations. These documents can serve as concrete evidence when submitting the claim.

  • Identifying the Cause of Damage: It's essential to identify the damage's cause correctly. Public adjusters can bring in experts, such as plumbers or structural engineers, to help identify the precise cause. By accurately linking the damage to the cast iron pipes, the adjuster can help avoid a claim denial based on misidentification of the issue.

  • Expert Analysis and Reports: A public adjuster should arrange for an expert analysis of the situation. These reports should clarify why the damage occurred, the extent of the damage, the necessary repairs or replacements, and the associated costs. If a claim is denied based on exaggerated damage or unnecessary replacement, these expert reports can help contest such decisions.

  • Policy Review and Interpretation: Public adjusters can review the insurance policy to understand exactly what is covered and what exclusions or conditions apply. By ensuring that the claim is presented in a manner consistent with the policy's terms and coverage, the adjuster can prevent denials based on policy exclusions or misunderstood clauses.

  • Handling Insurer Communication: Public adjusters manage communication with the insurance company. They ensure that all information provided is accurate, comprehensive, and timely, reducing the chances of claim denial due to errors, omissions, or late submissions.

  • Representation During Inspections: A public adjuster should be present during any insurance company inspections of the damaged property. This allows them to ensure that the inspection is thorough and that the insurance company's adjuster doesn't overlook or misinterpret anything.

  • Negotiation: Even if a claim is initially denied, a public adjuster can negotiate with the insurance company, contest the decision, and work towards a fair settlement.

By employing these strategies, a public adjuster can significantly increase the chances of a successful cast iron pipe damage claim.


Does Insurance Cover Cast Iron Pipes?


Insurance companies typically cover water damage resulting from a broken cast iron pipe, but they do not cover the pipes themselves. In addition, most insurance policies will cover the cost of accessing and fixing a specific leak, but they do not typically cover the replacement of the entire system.


Over the years, insurance companies have amended their policies only to cover access to the leak point rather than the replacement of the entire system. Therefore, it's crucial to consult with a professional experienced in these types of claims to review your policy and represent your property interests.

  • Policy Details: Insurance policies vary widely in their coverage. Most standard homeowners' insurance policies cover "sudden and accidental" damage but not damage due to wear and tear or neglected maintenance. Your claim could be denied if your cast iron pipes failed due to age and normal deterioration. However, if a sudden event, like a pipe burst, caused significant damage, your policy might cover it.


  • Timely Reporting: It's crucial to file a claim as soon as possible once the damage is visible. Delays might lead to claim denials, as insurers may argue the homeowner failed to perform necessary upkeep or was negligent by not taking the necessary steps to prevent further damage. The loss should be reported as soon as it is discovered, but make sure to consult a professional to ensure it is covered and well above the deductible.

  • Cause and Extent of Damage: The Insurance might only want to cover what's visibly damaged. If only part of the pipe system is replaced, other parts may fail later, possibly without coverage. To maximize the chances of a successful claim, reviewing the policy and determining the extent of the damage is crucial.

  • Negotiation and Legal Assistance: Even if an initial claim is denied, there may be room for negotiation. Policyholders often benefit from professional assistance from public adjusters or attorneys to navigate this process.

  • Claim Denial Reasons: There are several common reasons for claim denial, including ordinary wear and tear, lack of maintenance, lack of physical damage to the property, the damage wasn't sudden and accidental, the existence of pre-existing damage, leaks lasting longer than 14 days, no coverage for "flood" losses, and general exclusions for plumbing issues.

Remember, every situation is unique, and these are general observations. Consult with a Florida public adjuster for specific advice related to your situation and learn how cast iron pipe claims work.


In conclusion, dealing with cast iron pipe issues can be a challenging and often overwhelming process for homeowners. But remember, you're not alone. If you're facing a cast iron pipe claim or are simply concerned about the potential risks in your home, don't hesitate to reach out to us.


As experienced public adjusters in Florida, we're here to guide you through the insurance claim process, fighting for your rights and ensuring you get the compensation you deserve. Don't let the complexity of insurance claims keep you from the peace of mind you deserve. Contact us today for a free consultation, and let's tackle this problem together.

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